This was a very popular hairstyle in the late 1950s and involved applying lots of gel to the hair and brushing it up around the front of the hairline as well as in back. It was adopted from African American youth who grew up their hair and gelled it up. It was also known as a flat top.
Daily Hair Tip
Professional hairstylists often use a "rat" to create a full French twist or updo. A rat is a special form used to wrap hair around.